Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome(PCOS): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Polycystic Ovaries

Learn about the most important symptoms and causes of polycystic ovaries as well as treatment, as polycystic ovaries have become one of the most common diseases among women.

It is a condition in which the levels of a woman’s sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, are out of balance.

This leads to the growth of cysts on the ovaries, and these cysts can affect the menstrual cycle, sometimes they decrease and sometimes they affect the woman with thinning, and these cysts can cause fertility problems, making it difficult to get pregnant, and polycystic ovaries may also cause unwanted changes if not Treated, and over time it can lead to serious health problems, like diabetes and heart condition.

An American study showed that out of every 10 women of childbearing age, one has PCOS.

We healthy queries will address the types of PCOS, symptoms of polycystic ovaries, causes of polycystic ovaries, Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, polycystic ovary treatment, Complications of PCOS, polycystic ovary radiology and, polycystic ovary diet.

What are the 4 Types of PCOS?

There are four sorts of PCOS: Insulin-resistant PCOS, Inflammatory PCOS, Hidden-cause PCOS, and Pill-induced PCOS. this is often the most common sort of PCOS.

Causes of Polycystic Ovaries

The cause of PCOS has not been fully understood yet, but heredity may be a major factor.

  • Hormonal disorder in general.
  • Excessive production of the androgen hormone may be another contributing factor. Androgen is the sex hormone.
  • Insulin resistance, meaning a decrease in the ability of insulin to enter glucose into cells.
  • overweight.
  • Taking hormonal contraception for long periods.

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovaries

Symptoms of PCOS usually start early after a woman begins menstruating for the first time. As for the type and severity of symptoms, they differ from person to person. The most common feature of PCOS is irregular menses. Delayed pregnancy may be another cause of the diagnosis.

Because PCOS is characterized by a decrease in female sex hormones, this condition may cause the development of some male characteristics of a woman, such as:

  • Excess hair on the face, chest, stomach, thumb, or toes
  • The decrease in breast size
  • Deeper voice
  • Hair loss

Other symptoms may include:

  • Acne
  • Overweight
  • Pelvic pain
  • Depression
  • Difficulty getting pregnant due to irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate

Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

To make a diagnosis, your doctor will review your medical history and symptoms and conduct tests. Your doctor will perform a physical and pelvic exam to look for signs of PCOS, such as swollen ovaries or a swollen clitoris.

Blood tests are usually done to measure levels of the sex hormone, as well as:

  • Thyroid function analysis to determine how much thyroid hormone your body is producing.
  • Fasting glucose analysis to measure blood sugar levels.
  • Saturated fat analysis to assess the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
  • And a vaginal ultrasound procedure allows your doctor to see the condition of the genitals more accurately. Sometimes a pelvic endoscope is made through a small incision in the abdomen and a small camera is inserted to check the growth of these cysts in the ovaries. If growth is present, your doctor may take a small sample of tissue for further examination and reassurance.

Recommended article: Ectopic Pregnancy: Sign, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

How are Polycystic Ovaries treated?

PCOS can be cured, but there is no cure. Treatment is to control symptoms and manage the condition to prevent complications. Treatment will vary from woman to woman, depending on the specific symptoms. The following are tips for managing symptoms.

Eat a healthy diet.

A healthy diet and regular exercise are recommended for all women with PCOS, especially those who are overweight. This can help regulate the menstrual cycle and lower blood glucose levels.

Take birth control pills.

Take birth control pills if you are not planning to become pregnant. Women who do not want to become pregnant can take birth control pills.”These can help treat acne, regulate the cycle, and lower levels of male hormones, like testosterone, within the body.” Fertility drugs could also be prescribed to assist with ovulation.

Ask your doctor about medications that might help you. Anti-androgens are drugs that reduce male hormone levels. These medications can help stop excessive hair growth and reduce acne. Diabetes medications may also be prescribed to lower blood sugar and testosterone levels.


Surgery may be recommended for some women with PCOS and the doctor drills the ovaries with a small needle that carries the electrical current. This is done in order to get rid of all the cysts on the ovaries. It’s a short-term solution that can boost ovulation and reduce male hormone levels.

Complications of PCOS

Complications occur as a result of neglecting treatment, and the earlier the disease is detected and treated, the more we avoid these symptoms.

Risks of developing PCOS

  • Sterility
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Cervical cancer
  • Heart attack
  • diabetic
  • breast cancer


Pregnancy is possible for some women with PCOS. If you are pregnant, your doctor may refer you to a doctor who specializes in high-risk pregnancies. Women with PCOS have a higher rate of miscarriage and gestational diabetes may need extra monitoring during pregnancy.

Because of the lower risk of developing these complications, avoiding tobacco products and participating in regular exercise can also reduce the risk of some of these comorbidities.

We healthy queries hope you find the right information about types of PCOS, symptoms of polycystic ovaries, causes of polycystic ovaries, Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, polycystic ovary treatment, Complications of PCOS, polycystic ovary radiology and, polycystic ovary diet.


1.Can polycystic ovaries are treated?

There’s no cure for PCOS, but the symptoms are often treated. Speak to a GP if you think that you’ll have the condition. If you’ve got PCOS and you’re overweight, losing weight and eating a healthy, balanced diet can make some symptoms better.

2.Can polycystic ovaries cause pain?

Polycystic ovaries don’t cause pain. you’ll have other reasons for your pelvic pain. Pain within the ovary might be from ovulation or from a cyst, which should usually clear up in time. Large cysts can cause tons of pain, however, this is often not related to PCO.

3.What is the difference between polycystic ovary syndrome and polycystic ovaries?

PCO isn’t a disease, whilst PCOS may be a metabolic condition:

PCO may be a variant of normal ovaries, whilst PCOS may be a disorder related to an unbalanced hormone level released by the woman’s ovaries.

4.Does PCOS make you fat?

High androgen levels cause symptoms like hair growth, acne, irregular periods — and weight gain. Because the load gain is triggered by male hormones, it’s typically within the abdomen. that’s where men tend to hold weight. So, rather than having a pear shape, women with PCOS have more of an apple shape.

5.Can I get pregnant if I have polycystic ovaries?

Having PCOS doesn’t mean you cannot get pregnant. PCOS is one of the foremost common, but treatable, causes of infertility in women. In women with PCOS, the hormonal imbalance interferes with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation). If you do not ovulate, you cannot get pregnant.

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